Setting up a business in Vietnam requires careful planning and understanding of the local business landscape. This comprehensive guide provides small business owners with valuable insights into the entity types, requirements, and processes involved in establishing a business in Vietnam. It also covers key considerations to ensure success and provides tips for those seeking a Vietnam presence without setting up a legal entity and the procedures for closing a business if needed.

Choosing a Corporate Structure:

Before opening a company in Vietnam, it is crucial to consider different aspects of the target entity types. Factors such as structure, legal liability, statutory compliance requirements, establishment time, permitted activities, and more should be evaluated. The guide explains these factors for each of the main entity types in Vietnam, including Representative Office (RO), Branch Office (BO), and 100% Foreign-Owned Enterprise (LLC).

Requirements for Setting Up a Business:

Minimum capital requirements vary depending on the sector and business line in Vietnam. While some sectors have specific minimum capital requirements, most sectors do not have a strict threshold. However, it is essential to assess the registered capital adequately to cover the business expenses until it generates sufficient revenue. The guide provides insights into capital requirements, capital contribution schedules, transferring capital to the Foreign-Invested Enterprise (FIE), and the importance of a registered address and resident director.

Corporate Compliance Requirements:

Established corporations in Vietnam have ongoing corporate compliance requirements that include accounting and tax compliance, annual audit compliance, employment compliance, and business license tax and special license compliance. Understanding these compliance requirements and ensuring timely fulfillment is crucial for operating a business legally and efficiently in Vietnam.

Other Considerations:

The guide addresses frequently asked questions and provides insights into other considerations when setting up a business in Vietnam. It covers topics such as choosing the right market entry mode, selecting a suitable location, opening a bank account, intellectual property protection, and the process of closing a business.


Setting up a business in Vietnam can be a rewarding venture for small business owners. However, it requires careful planning, understanding of the local regulations, and compliance with corporate requirements. This guide equips small business owners with the necessary information and considerations to navigate the process successfully and establish a solid foundation for their business in Vietnam.